ADHD – Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

The Counselling Corner – Martensville, Saskatchewan
Child, Youth, Adult, Couple, & Family Counselling

ADHD – Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Submitted by Wendy Kritzer BSW MSW RSW

ADHD (Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is a brain disorder, which has an individual struggling with a sequence of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that gets in the way with functioning or development. ADHD is a common disorder that affects approximately 10% of school-aged children and boys are diagnosed with ADHD three times more than girls. Individuals diagnosed with ADHD act without thinking, struggle with being hyperactive and struggle to focus. These individuals know what is expected of them but struggle due to the facts they cannot sit still, cannot focus on details, and act impulsively. For a person to receive a diagnosis of ADHD, the symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity must be chronic or long-lasting, decrease the person’s functioning, and cause the person to fall behind normal development for his or her age.

There are three areas that are seen as the main difficulties in having ADHD, which are inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.

Symptoms of inattention may often:

 

  • -Overlook or miss details, make careless mistakes in schoolwork, at
  • work or during other activities
  • -Have problems sustaining attention in tasks or play, including
  • conversations, lectures, or lengthy reading
  • -Seem not to listen when spoken to directly
  • -Not following through on instructions and fail to finish schoolwork,
  • chores, or duties in the workplace or start tasks but quickly lose
    focus and get easily sidetracked
  • -Have problems organizing tasks and activities, such as what to do in
  • sequence, keeping materials and belongings in order, having messy
    work and poor time management, and failing to meet deadlines
  • -Avoid or dislike tasks that require sustained mental effort, such as
  • schoolwork or homework, or for teens and older adults, preparing
    reports, completing forms or reviewing lengthy papers
  • -Lose things necessary for tasks or activities, such as school supplies,
  • pencils, books, tools, wallets, keys, paperwork, eyeglasses, and cell
    phones
  • -Easily distracted by unrelated thoughts or stimuli
  • -Forgetful in daily activities, such as chores, errands, returning calls,
    and keeping appointments

 

Symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity may often:

-Fidget and squirm in their seats
-Leave their seats in situations when staying seated is expected, such
as in the classroom or the office
-Run or dash around or climb in situations where it is inappropriate or, in teens and          adults, often feel restless
-Be unable to play or engage in hobbies quietly
-Be constantly in motion or “on the go,” or act as if “driven by a motor”
-Talk nonstop
-Blurt out an answer before a question has been completed, finish
other people’s sentences, or speak without waiting for a turn in
conversation
-Have trouble waiting for his or her turn
-Interrupt or intrude on others, for example in conversations, games,
or activities

If you feel your child has symptoms of ADHD then a diagnosis of ADHD requires a comprehensive evaluation by a licensed clinician, such as a pediatrician, psychologist, or psychiatrist with expertise in ADHD. Investigating this possible diagnosis for your children will assist them in supports whether they are medical or strategies/plans put in place to help them be successful in school, social situations, and life.

If you have further questions concerning attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, please email me at thecounsellingcorner@sasktel.net.

Until next time –

From The Counselling Corner

Information from National Institute of Mental Health & Kids Health

                                                                       

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